President Muhammadu Buhari-led administration has lost the Twitter ban case to the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) and 176 Nigerians.
The ECOWAS Court declared the suspension unlawful and cautioned the Nigerian government against a repeat.
SERAP deputy director Kolawole Oluwadare announced the victory following the court sitting on Wednesday.
After the deletion of President Buhari’s tweet in 2021, the Minister of Information Lai Mohammed announced the suspension of Twitter in Nigeria.
Following the ban, the government threatened to arrest and prosecute users, while the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) asked all broadcast stations to stop citing Twitter as a news source.
The court in its judgment declared that it has the jurisdiction to hear the case and that the case was therefore admissible.
The court ruled that the suspension of Twitter is unlawful and inconsistent with the provisions of Article 9 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
The court said the government’s action violates the rights of SERAP and 176 concerned Nigerians “to the enjoyment of freedom of expression, access to information and the media, as well as the right to fair hearing.”
The Buhari administration was ordered by the court to take necessary steps to align its policies and other measures to give effect to the rights and freedoms and to guarantee a non-repetition of the unlawful ban.
The court further directed the Buhari administration to bear the costs of the proceedings and directed the Deputy Chief Registrar to supervise.
Counsel to the applicants, Femi Falana commended the judges for unanimously upholding the human rights of community citizens to freedom of expression, and access to information.
According to the Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN), freedom of expression is not only the cornerstone of democracy but indispensable to a thriving civil society.
The human rights lawyer expressed hope that West African nations “will henceforth respect and uphold the human right of community to freedom of expression guaranteed by Article 9 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights”.
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